This site is managed by Knowledge for Sustainable Development and Food Security unit (JRC.D.6) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Directorate D - Sustainable Resources of the European Commission (EC).
This web site presents various activities for monitoring terrestrial surfaces retrieved from Earth Observation that are described and presented through the various pages of this web site.
The site provides an interface to FAPAR maps, products and specific tools (only if you are registered).
The Earth Land Information System (ELIS) provides information derived from space data. It includes the FAPAR and Leaf Area Index (LAI) values and their anomalies generated from MODIS surface albedo products (MODIS surface albedo page) using the Two-stream Inversion Package (TIP) at 1 km of spatial resolution.
"The designations employed and the presentation of material on the map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the European Union concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries."
Main sources regarding European operational CO2 monitoring and verification support capacity.
Land products quality control including benchmark against third-party data.
Update and expand the JRC's benchmark Earth Observation (EO) created to support land and climate studies, and to interdependently address the fitness-for-purpose.
Europa websites wear elements and a new visual standards to create consistent and accessible government web presence.
Greenhouse gases were the highest on record. The global annual average atmospheric CO2 concentration was 412.5 parts per million (ppm). This was 2.5 ppm greater than 2019 amounts, and was the highest in the modern 62-year measurement record and in ice core records dating back as far as 800,000 years. The year over year increase in methane (14.8 parts per billion) was the highest such increase since systematic measurements began.
Global surface temperature reached a near-record high. Annual global surface temperatures were 0.97°–1.12°F or 0.54°–0.62°C above the 1981–2010 average, depending on the dataset used. This places 2020 among the three warmest years since records began in the mid- to late 1800s.
Sea surface temperatures reached a near-record high. The globally averaged 2020 sea surface temperature was the third highest on record, surpassed only by 2016 and 2019, both of which were associated with El Niño events.
Global sea level was highest on record. For the ninth consecutive year, global average sea level rose to a new record high and was about 3.6 inches (91.3 mm) higher than the 1993 average, the year that marks the beginning of the satellite altimeter record. Global sea level is rising at an average rate of 1.2 inches (3.0 cm) per decade due to changes in climate. Melting of glaciers and ice sheets, along with warming oceans, account for the trend in rising global mean sea level.
According to JRC scientist Nadine Gobron, who co-edited the global chapter and was among the scientists from around the world who contributed to the report,
this report includes new indicators that show how research using space observations, such as Copernicus data, makes a significant step forward in assessing climate change impacts on our planet.
The Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) and Leaf Area Index (LAI) values datasets are generated from MODIS instrument using the Two-stream Inversion Package at 1km of spatial resolution from 2003 until now.
The 29th annual State of the Climate report, compiled by NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate at the National Centers for Environmental Information and published today in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, confirms that 2018 was the fourth warmest year on record, after 2016, 2015 and 2017.
Anomalies exhibit significant regional differences in vegetation conditions worldwide in 2018: negative (brown) and positive (blue) anomalies indicate a decrease and increase in photosynthetic activities in green living vegetation, respectively.
The State of the Climate in 2017 reports that last year was the third-warmest year on record (after 2016 and 2015), and that the planet also experienced record-high greenhouse gas concentrations as well as rises in sea level. The annual assessment is an international, peer-reviewed report giving a summary of the global climate. It is published as a supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. The report is based on the contributions of more than 500 scientists from around the world, including the JRC. It provides a detailed update on global climate indicators, notable weather events, and other data collected by environmental monitoring stations and instruments located on land, water, ice, and in space.
The main function of the report is to document the status and trajectory of many components of the climate system.